Late Summer Color at the GNG

California native plants get most of their attention in the spring, when the wildflowers are in bloom and many other plants are revealing their new growth.  Not so much in the late summer and the fall, when dormancy is setting in and brown is the dominant color theme.  But … Brown is a color too!  Besides, brown exists in numerous interesting shades and hues.                                                                                                                                             And as one elderly visitor to the Granada Native Garden wisely once pointed out, “You see all kinds of things, if you just stop and look!”                                                                    Today’s tour of the GNG will feature many of the late summer colors that you can find if you casually stroll thru the Garden and look around.  Another benefit of taking your time to appreciate the nature present here is to become aware of the ways in which native plants were used by the Native Americans.  Many of the placards used to identify individual plants mention these uses.                                                                                                    But brown is a color too … and no native plants exhibit that better than the buckwheats.  Depending on the species, they start out snowy white, and progress in the fall to pink and then to cinnamon and copper.  What a show, if you just take time to look!

New buckwheat blossoms

Mature buckwheat blossoms

Santa Cruz Island buckwheat

                       Most photos can be enlarged just by clicking on them.

           Western goldenrod is at its prime at this time of the year, and it’s not hard to spot.  It forms clumps by means of underground  stems that make it useful for preventing erosion.  Unfortunately, goldenrod has acquired a reputation for causing hay fever, but it is actually pollen from a different plant, ragweed (genus Ambrosia) that is responsible for this allergy.

Goldenrod (Solidago velutina ssp. californica)

Native Americans of various tribes used goldenrod as a tea to treat coughs, colds, sore throats and toothaches, and as an infusion for washing wounds and burns.           The showy rosy buckwheat, or red-flowered buckwheat (Eriogonum grande rubescens) begins flowering in late spring and persists into fall.  It originated in the Channel Islands where it gets summer fog, but it is comfortable inland, altho it might need a little water if it shows stress.  Besides being eye candy for us humans, the flowers, leaves and seeds provide food for small mammals as well as for finches, juncos, larks, sparrows, towhees, quail and grouse.                                                                                                    You may call it Pacific aster, California aster or coast aster (formerly Aster chilensis, now Symphotrichum chilense).  But don’t call it Chilean aster, because it did not originate in Chile, but is a native of the Pacific northwest.  It blooms from late summer thru winter, and stands about 3-4 feet tall, but the variety at the Granada Native Garden is the dwarf ‘Point St. George’, a ground cover about 12 inches or less tall.                                                     Pacific aster spreads readily by rhizomes (underground stems) in just about any soil, even beach sand.  This makes it a good soil stabilizer, as well as a “good late-season pollinator plant, providing a critical pollen source for bees active in the late fall, including new bumblebee queens building up their energy reserves before winter dormancy.”                                                                                                                     The gangly but nonetheless attractive gumplant, or gumweed (Grindelia camporum) isn’t the showiest member of the GNG family, but it might be one of the more interesting.  First of all, it starts blooming early, like April, and keeps it up well into fall.  The whole plant has a sticky feel, including the spheroid flower head which can be popped into the mouth and chewed like gum.  Of course, any enjoyment there is lasts only about 15 seconds, and it is mostly left to the imagination and the novelty of the experience!              But I don’t mean to sell gumplant short.  Like so many “weeds”, gumplant has been found to have authentic medicinal properties. Native Americans used the sticky resin to treat respiratory and dermatological afflictions, including poison oak, wounds, burns, boils and sores. Its effectiveness led early physicians to adopt it, and it is currently available as a herbal supplement for its anti-inflammatory, expectorant, and analgesic properties.                                                               However, some people are allergic to members of this botanical family (Asteraceae), so it should be used with caution.  Also, gumplant may contain high levels of selenium, which is toxic when ingested in large amounts.

It’s almost cherry-picking time at the GNG.  No, not those cherries.  The fruit of the holly-leafed cherry (Prunus ilicifolia) is well on its way to ripening.                                          When the cherries are dark purple, almost black, they have a thin layer of sweet, flavorful pulp surrounding an oversized pit.  It is said that Native Americans welcomed these cherries as a small but energy-rich pick-me-up snack while out hunting or gathering.  Actually, I can’t help treating myself to a few either, when I’m working at the Garden.  Look for them at the Garden — we have three healthy large shrub-like holly-leafed cherries there.

Remember, most photos can be enlarged just by clicking on them.

Other Late Summer & Early Fall Colors at the Granada Native Garden                                                                       

Bladderpod — with foliage that smells like sauteed onions and peppers!

 

 

 

 

Malva Rose –Its blossoms hide behind its foliage (but we cut it back heavily this fall, and they are easy to find).

 

 

 

Desert willow — Just planted this year and in its protective cage.  Should get about 10-12 feet tall in a few years!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

On the left, native grapes, ripe and ready now!  On the right, the same grapes later this fall.  The native grapes are the Roger’s Red variety, which is actually a hybrid of the wild native grape and an European variety, Alicante bouschet, which gives it the intense red pigment in its leaves.

A Quote for Today …                                                                                                                    “If we come to love nature not only when it is rare and beautiful, but also when it is commonplace and even annoying, I believe it will heal the great wound of our species: our self-imposed isolation from the rest of life, our loneliness for nature.”                                                                                                                    – Nathanael Johnson, in Unseen City

Check out the native plant selection at ALDEN LANE NURSERY, 981 Alden Lane, Livermore, CA 94550

Plants in 4-inch potsPlants in 4-inch pots

1-gal and larger plants1-gal and larger plants

For reliable certified arborist services, contact STUMPY’S TREE SERVICE, (925)518-1442, http://www.stumpystrees.com .

Stumpy'sGuided Tours of the Granada Native Garden Are Available!                                                     Are you interested in seeing some of the plants that are described in this News- letter or in past issues?  One or more staff of the GNG are routinely on duty at the Garden on Mondays and Thursdays, roughly between 10:00 AM and 12:00 noon.  But it isn’t very hard to arrange a guided visit at other times.  If you are interested in scheduling a visit, just email Jim at  JIMatGNG@gmail.com .  Or if you have any questions or inquiries, please email Jim at the same address!

Index

3 Tables           This Index is to help both new and current Followers of the Granada Native Garden Newsletter become acquainted with the Garden and its Newsletter … and to help current Followers locate informational articles from earlier posts and individual topics.                                 To use this Index, scroll down to the topic that interests you.  Take note of the month and year when the topic was archived.  Then back up to the current Newsletter post and click on the desired month and year in the Archive list.                                                      To become a Follower, just find the “Follow” button at the lower right corner of the screen and follow the easy instructions.  You will be notified automatically by email whenever a new post is published (usually every one or two months).  Welcome to the Granada Native Garden Newsletter!                                                                                                 If you have questions or comments, please email Jim at  JIMatGNG@gmail.com .

A:  Individual Plant Topics:  COMMON NAMES
B.  Individual Plant Topics:  SCIENTIFIC NAMES
C.  Plants by Themes
D.  General Topics

A.  INDIVIDUAL PLANT TOPICS:  COMMON NAMES                                    BuckeyeArchived in April, 2016.  Posted on April 17.                                          Buckwheat:  Archived in June, 2013.  Posted on June 26.
Bush Poppy:  Archived in February, 2015.  Posted on February 3.
California Poppies:  Archived in March, 2013.  Posted on March 15.
California White Oak:  Archived in August, 2014.  Posted on August 29.
Clarkia:  Archived in May, 2014.  Posted on May 4, 2014.
Coyote Brush:  Archived in February, 2014.  Posted on February 7.
Elderberry:  Archived in August, 2013.  Posted on August 23.                        Fiddleneck:  Archived in February, 2016.  Posted on February 7.                                Grape:  Archived in December, 2015.  Posted on December 1, 2015.                       Holly-Leafed Cherry:  Archived in October, 2015.  Posted on October 11, 2015.           Lupine:  Archived in April, 2013.  Posted on April 29, 2013.                                                 Malva Rose:  Archived in August, 2017.  Posted on August 8,  2017.                       Matilia Poppy:  Archived in May, 2016.  Posted on May 30, 2016.                          Miner’s Lettuce:  Archived in January, 2016.  Posted on January 17, 2016.
Mugwort:  Archived in July, 2015.  Posted on July 2.
Our Lord’s Candle:  Archived in May, 2015.  Posted on May 29.
Purple Needlegrass:  Archived in April, 2015.  Posted on April 30.
Sagebrush:  Archived in July, 2015.  Posted on July 2.
Toyon:  Archived in December, 2013.  Posted on December 5.
Valley oak:  Archived in August, 2014.  Posted on August 29.                             Yampah:  Archived in July, 2016.  Posted on July 14.                                            Yarrow:  Archived in March, 2017.  Posted on March 5.

B.  INDIVIDUAL PLANT TOPICS:  SCIENTIFIC NAMES                                                  Achillea millefolium Archived in March, 2017Posted on March 5.                    Aesculus californica Archived in April, 2016.  Posted on April 17.                   Amsinckia menziesii:  Archived in February, 2016.  Posted on February 7.
Artemesia spp.:  Archived in July, 2015.  Posted on July 2.
Baccharis pilularis:  Archived in February, 2014.  Posted on February 7.
Clarkia spp.:  Archived in May, 2014.  Posted on May 4.                                    Claytonia perfoliata:  Archived in January, 2016Posted on January 17, 2016.
Dendromecon:  Archived in February, 2015.  Posted on February 3.
Eriogonum spp.:  Archived in June, 2013.  Posted on June 26.
Eschscholzia californica:  Archived in March, 2013.  Posted on March 15.   Hesperoyucca whipplei:  Archived in May, 2015.  Posted on May 29.
Heteromeles arbutifolia:  Archived in December, 2013.  Posted on December 5.
Lupinus spp.:  Archived in April, 2013.  Posted on April 29.                                      Malva assurgentiflora:  Archived in August, 2017.  Posted on August 8.
Quercus lobata:  Archived in August, 2014.  Posted on August 29.                                    Perideridia kellogii:  Archived in July, 2016.  Posted on July 14, 2016.                        Prunus ilicifolia:  Archived in October, 2015.  Posted on October 11.                                 Romneya coulteri:  Archived in May, 2016.  Posted on May 30, 2016.                               Sambucus mexicana:  Archived in August, 2013.  Posted on August 23.
Stipa (Nassella) pulchra:  Archived in April, 2015.  Posted on April 30.                       Vitis californica:  Archived in December, 2015.  Posted on December 1, 2015.

C.  PLANTS BY THEMES
About “Fire Followers”:  Archived in July, 2014.  Posted on July 10.                    Current Attractions – Earth Day, 2014Archived in April, 2014.  Posted on April 27.    Is There Life after Poppies?  Archived in May, 2013.  Posted on May 27.           Planting for PollinatorsArchived in November, 2013.  Posted on November 10. Precocious Poppies & Other Signs of Spring:  Archived in February, 2014.  Posted on February 26.                                                                                                                         The Colors of Spring (April, 2014)Archived in April, 2014.  Posted on April 6.            The Return of the WildflowersArchived in March, 2015.  Posted on March 19.      Two Surprise Appearances!Archived in March, 2015.  Posted on March 31. 

D.  GENERAL TOPICS
Welcome to the Granada Native Garden!                                                                         Archived in February, 2013.  Posted on February 18.                                                        Overview of the Granada Native Garden                                                                             Archived in February, 2013.  Posted on February 24.                                                     A Short History of the Granada Native Garden                                                                   Archived in May, 2013.  Posted on May 8.                                                               Plant Communities of the Granada Native Garden                                                            Archived in April, 2013.  Posted on April 1.                                                             Water Management at the Granada Native Garden                                                        Archived in January, 2015.  Posted on January 3.                                                     Why Should We Plant Natives?                                                                                             Archived in November, 2014.  Posted on November 11.                                           Why Do People NOT Grow Native Plants? – Part 1                                                         Archived in July, 2013.  Posted on July 18.                                                                       Why Do People NOT Grow Native Plants? – Part 2                                                            Archived in July, 2013.  Posted on July 24.                                                         Planting for Pollinators                                                                                                         Archived in November, 2013.  Posted on November 10.                                           Fire! … at the Granada Native Garden                                                                                 Archived in June, 2014.  Posted on June 10.                                                           About “Fire Followers”                                                                                                          Archived in July, 2014.  Posted on July 10.                                                          Current Attractions – Earth Day, 2014                                                                                 Archived in April, 2014.  Posted on April 27.                                                                  Is There Life after Poppies?                                                                                                  Archived in May, 2013.  Posted on May 27.                                                                      Precocious Poppies & Other Signs of Spring (Feb-Mar, 2014)                                          Archived in February, 2014.  Posted on February 26.                                                  The Colors of Spring (April, 2014)                                                                                        Archived in April, 2014.  Posted on April 6.                                                            Return of the Wildflowers                                                                                                     Archived in March, 2015.  Posted on March 19.                                                        Two Surprise Appearances!                                                                                                 Archived in March, 2015.  Posted on March 31.                                                         The Arroyo Mocho at the Granada Native Garden                                                          Archived in August, 2015.  Posted on August 25.                                                 What’s Blooming? – March, 2016                                                                                       Archived in March, 2016.  Posted on March 8.                                                                 In Defense of “Bugs                                                                                                             Archived in September, 2016.  Posted on September 10.                                     Nature Therapy at the Granada Native Garden                                                                Archived in March, 2018.  Posted on March 25.                                                                                                        

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